Monday, October 18, 2010

Slime fungi

Clavaria miniata
Also known as the Flame fungus

Tremella fuciformis
This Tremella is edible and is commonly consumed throughout aisa.

Heterotextus miltinus
Slime mould.

Tuesday, October 5, 2010

Psilocybe Semilanceata

Psilocybe Semilanceata
 Today I was looking through tufts of grass While walking on the banks of the local mountain I came across what I thought I would never find in Tasmania, Psilocybe Semilanceata AKA the Liberty Cap, I felt very lucky to have found this mushroom. When I got back I made a sighting report on Mushroom Observer.

 As you can see the mushroom takes its name from an actual cap, the Phrygian cap, also known as the liberty cap, which it resembles.
Blue bruising on stem of Psilocybe Semilanceata
Also, some of the specimens had blue bruising which I am told is very uncommon for the Liberty cap.
These are some of my favourite finds this year!

Monday, October 4, 2010

Amanita Xanthocephala

Amanita Xanthocephala

Today while going for a walk I noticed a orange dot in the corner of my vision. As I brought my full attention to the orange dot I realised it was in fact, a mushroom. This mushroom was found lying between a rotting eucalypt and a live one.

Amanita xanthocephala lives in an ectomycorrhizal relationship with Eucalyptus.

Amanita Xanthocephala colonizes the host plants' roots extracellularly, by doing this it provides Amanita xanthocephala with a relatively constant and direct access to carbohydrates that the plant produces. The carbohydrates are translocated from their source (Photosynthesis) to root tissue and on to Amanita xanthocephala. In return, the plant gains the benefits of the mycelium's higher absorptive capacity for water and mineral nutrients (Because mycelium has a huge surface area), thus improving the plant's mineral absorption capabilities.

 It amazes me how something so bright and orange can come out of black soil.

Psilocybe Subaeruginosa

Psilocybe Subaeruginosa
These were some of my first find this year of Psilocybe Subaeruginosa, they were found at ~1000m elevation. Intertwined with eucalypt leaf litter and twigs, very mossy and lots of morning dew on a south facing bank meaning the soil stays damp from the lack of sun. These are one of my favourite looking mushrooms because of the deep coloured caramel cap.
Studies of comparative morphology, isozyme analysis and mating compatibility approaches have showed that P. australiana, P. eucalypta and P. tasmania are synonyms of this species.
Although  P. australiana, P. eucalypta and P. tasmania have subtle physical differences, they are mostly the same mushroom with similar alkaloid content.